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English Mastiff


Breed Description

A large breed with a muscular and stocky build. They have a short dense coat and a large head with a wrinkly face. They have a lifespan of 6 – 10 years and an average weight of 55kg  – 100kg. These gentle giants are calm and devoted to their owners. They thrive on human companionship and don’t enjoy being left alone for long periods of time. They are naturally protective and make for great watchdogs. Despite the big size they are extremely affectionate and very loyal. They get along well with children as well as other pets with proper socialization.

Additional Information


English Mastiff

Life Expectancy

6 – 10 Years




















The English Mastiff is a large and powerful dog breed known for its massive and sturdy build. They have a rectangular-shaped body with a broad chest and strong, muscular limbs. Their head is massive and square-shaped, with a short muzzle and a pronounced stop. English Mastiffs have a deep, wide chest and a straight back. They have a thick, wrinkled skin that hangs loosely on their body.


They have a short and dense coat that is smooth to the touch. Their coat is straight and lies close to their body, providing them with some protection and insulation. The coat comes in various colors, including fawn, apricot, and brindle. Brushing once a week is recommended to remove loose hair and dirt. This also helps to distribute the natural oils and keep the coat healthy. Regular bathing is recommended, but not too frequent to avoid drying out their skin. Frequent ear cleaning, teeth brushing and nail trimming is also needed.


They require a high-quality size appropriate diet supplemented with fresh lean meats, fruits, vegetables and added dietary supplements for joint health. Controlled and moderate feeding is important to prevent obesity, as excess weight can exacerbate joint issues. Be sure to speak to your vet about what is best for your Mastiff's individual needs, age and size. Fresh water should always be available.


Mastiffs have low exercise requirements compared to many other breeds due to their large size and calm nature. They benefit from daily exercise, but moderate activity levels are generally sufficient to meet their needs. A couple of leisurely walks or play sessions each day are typically enough to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. It's important to avoid overexertion or strenuous exercise that may put excessive strain on their joints. English Mastiffs are indoor dogs and enjoy spending quality time with their family, making them suitable for households with a more relaxed lifestyle.


English Mastiffs, like many large dog breeds, are prone to certain health issues. Some common health concerns seen in English Mastiffs include hip and elbow dysplasia, bloat, hyperthyroidism, eye issues, allergies, heart disease and cancer. Regular vet check-ups along with a high quality diet, adequate exercise and grooming can help prevent such issues.


Mastiffs thrive in a calm and comfortable environment that provides them with plenty of space to move and relax. Due to their large size, they benefit from a home with ample indoor space. A securely fenced yard or outdoor space is also desirable, allowing them to spend time outside and explore at their own pace. They are indoor dogs and prefer to be close to their family members. They enjoy being part of the household activities and appreciate having a designated space where they can spend quality time with their human companions. They still benefit from daily walks and gentle play sessions. However, they are not well-suited for rigorous or high-impact activities due to their size and potential joint issues. They are more comfortable in moderate temperatures and should have access to shade and fresh water when outdoors.


English Mastiffs are fairly low maintenance as they don't require much grooming or exercise. Daily walks and weekly brushing would be sufficient. Additionally they require a high-quality diet, regular vet check-ups and loads of love and attention.


They have a calm and gentle personality. They are known for being affectionate, loyal, and devoted to their families. Despite their large size, they are typically docile and good-natured. They are generally good with children and other pets when properly socialized. They have a protective instinct and can be wary of strangers, making them excellent watchdogs. English Mastiffs require early socialization and training to ensure they grow into well-behaved and obedient dogs. They are eager to please their owners and form strong bonds with their families. Despite their gentle nature, they may be lazy and have a tendency to snore or drool due to their large jowls. They are typically described as gentle giants.

Family Life

They enjoy being part of the family activities and are highly devoted to their owners. English Mastiffs require close human companionship and do not do well when left alone for long periods. They are protective of their family and home, making them excellent watchdogs. Engaging in regular exercise, providing a balanced diet, and maintaining their health are essential for a fulfilling family life with an English Mastiff.

Fun Facts

– The heaviest dog on record was an English Mastiff named Zorba who weighed 156kg!<br />
– Despite their size, they are gentle giants, they are calm and affectionate

Breed History

The English Mastiff is an ancient breed with a rich history dating back thousands of years. Its origins can be traced back to ancient Egypt, where images of mastiff-like dogs have been found in ancient artifacts. The breed later spread to other parts of the world, including ancient Rome, where they were used in arenas for various purposes. In medieval Europe, English Mastiffs were highly prized for their size, strength, and guarding abilities. They were often employed as guard dogs for castles and estates. During the Roman invasion of Britain, the breed was introduced to the British Isles and gradually became known as the "English Mastiff." Throughout history, English Mastiffs were used for various purposes, including guarding livestock, hunting large game, and even in military roles. Their imposing size and protective nature made them excellent guardians. Over time, the breed's popularity grew, and it became highly regarded as a loyal and gentle companion. During the 19th century, the breed faced a decline in numbers due to changes in agricultural practices and the rise of industrialization. However, dedicated breed enthusiasts worked towards its preservation, and the English Mastiff made a comeback. Today, the breed is cherished for its gentle temperament, loyalty, and affectionate nature. English Mastiffs are popular as family pets and continue to be admired for their imposing stature and noble appearance.


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