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Jack Russell Terrier

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Breed Description

Jack Russell Terriers are small, muscle bodied dogs with short legs and an abundance of energy. With a life span of 12 – 15 years and an average weight of 6kg – 12kg. They are a high energy, athletic, loyal and loving breed. Courageous and silly these dogs make great family pets and get along well with other dogs. Jack Russell’s have a high prey drive, are extremely alert and are not afraid to bark. Perfect for an active family!

Additional Information

Breed

Jack Russell Terrier

Life Expectancy

12 – 15 Years

Size

Small

Origin

England

Shedding

Moderate Shedder

Energy

5

Attention

5

Training

5

Barking

5

Mental

4

Drooling

1

Body

A small yet muscular body with a shorter yet thick waterproof double coat and short legs. They are predominantly white and tan with variations of white, brown, tan and black.

Coat

They have 3 types of coat – Smooth, Broken and Rough. All three coat types require minimal grooming, with brushing weekly and a hygiene trim for rough and broken coats. Bathing should only happen if necessary, to avoid over shedding. Nails need to be clipped regularly and a regular cleaning of the ears and teeth.

diet

For such an active and energetic dog, a high quality, nutrient-dense diet specifically formulated for a small and active breed is required, supplemented with fresh vegetables, fruits, small amounts of lean meats and additional dietary supplements.

exercise

Jack Russell's are a very active and energetic breed and require a lot of exercise. They need both physical and mental stimulation to avoid destructive behavior. They also have a large prey drive and need to be properly socialized to avoid problems. They require proper training and socialization. They thrive best with daily playtimes and loads of exercise. Perfect dog for a long hike or bike ride! Teaching them tricks and commands aids in mental exercise and overall better behavior.

health

Jack Russell Terriers are an overall healthy breed with the correct care. Common health concerns would be arthritis, ear infections, hypothyroidism, hip dysplasia and skin allergies. Frequent vet check-ups, a healthy diet and plenty of exercise can aid in a long happy and healthy life.

environment

Jack Russell's require lots of space to run around and dig and since they are prey driven, they will often not get along with cats or small animals. They do great with other dogs and can be a great family dog. They require daily exercise and lots of play time.

maintenance

With Jack Russell's being such high energy dogs, they require daily training and play time. Grooming is minimal with a weekly brushing and an occasional bath. Regular nail clipping, ear cleaning and toothbrushing is needed along with regular vet visits. They require a high quality, breed appropriate food for a happy healthy life.

personality

Jack Russell Terriers are known for their endless amounts of energy and strong personalities. They can be loving family dogs and make fantastic guard dogs due to their alertness and proneness to barking. They love a good game of tug-of-war or digging up the garden. They have an incredibly strong prey drive and don't always get along with cats or small animals. They are intelligent, affectionate and very loyal.

Family Life

Jack Russell's make fantastic family pets. They are loving and silly yet have strong personalities and will never fail to surprise you. They make fantastic guard dogs as they are alert and fairly vocal. Perfect for an active family, these little guys love hikes and hours of playing.

Fun Facts

– Jack Russell Terriers are great jumpers and can jump up to 1,5m high<br />
-They were bred for fox hunting <br />
-The absolutely love to dig

Breed History

Developed in the early 1800's by Rev. John Russell in attempt to breed the perfect fox hunting dog that could keep up with the "hounds" and fit in the fox hole. He succeeded and thus the Jack Russell Terrier came about. However, in the early 1900's Jack Russell Terriers with short legs came about and caused a big dispute between enthusiasts of the breed. Argument between those who preferred them with short legs and those who preferred the original long legs. The dispute ended after it was decided that they would be recognized as two individual breeds – Parson Jack Russell Terriers with the longer legs and Jack Russell Terriers with short legs. The Jack Russell Terrier rose to even more fame after starring in a few Hollywood movies.

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