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Cavalier King Charlese Spaniel


Breed Description

A small breed with a silky medium-length wavy coat. They have a small face and long ears. They have a lifespan of 12 – 15 years and an average weight of 5kg – 9kg. They are easy going and make fantastic family pets as they get along well with children and other pets. They are a bit more active than your average lap dog and enjoy doing tricks and training. They are intelligent and affectionate, thrive on human companionship. They are often used in dog shows for agility and obedience and make great therapy dogs. They make for the perfect loyal, little companion with an active streak.

Additional Information


Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Life Expectancy

12 – 15 Years


Toy – Small




Low to Moderate














Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are a small breed of dog with a relatively short muzzle and a round head. They have large, round eyes, long ears that are well-feathered, and a silky, medium-length coat. They have a compact, sturdy body with a well-proportioned chest and legs, and a wagging tail that is often held high.


They have a medium-length, silky coat that is feathered on the ears, legs, chest, and tail. They have four recognized coat colors: Blenheim (chestnut and white), Tricolor (black, white, and tan), Black and Tan, and Ruby. Cavaliers require regular grooming, including weekly brushing to prevent matting and tangling, and regular bathing to keep their coat clean and healthy. Additionally, their ears require special attention due to their long, floppy shape, and are prone to infection if not cleaned and dried properly. They can also benefit from regular dental care.


King Charles Spaniels require a balanced and nutritious diet to maintain their overall health and well-being. They have a small and delicate digestive system, so it's important to feed them high-quality, easily digestible food. A breed appropriate, high-quality kibble would suffice. Be sure to speak to your vet about what is best for your King Charles Spaniel. Fresh clean water should always be available.


Cavaliers are a small breed and don't require a lot of exercise. A moderate walk or two per day, along with some playtime and mental stimulation, should suffice for their daily activity needs. It's important to note that Cavaliers can be prone to weight gain, so regular exercise and a balanced diet are essential for their overall health and well-being.


Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are generally a healthy breed but, like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues such as eye conditions, patella luxation, hip dysplasia, middle ear infections, obesity, mitral valve heart disease, and a neurological condition called syringomyelia. It's important for Cavaliers to have regular vet check-ups, vaccinations, and preventative care to ensure their long-term health. Proper nutrition, exercise, and grooming can also contribute to their overall well-being.


They are adaptable and can thrive in a variety of environments, as long as they receive adequate exercise and attention. They do well in apartments or small homes with a yard, but they also enjoy larger living spaces and outdoor areas to explore. They prefer moderate temperatures and should not be left outside in extreme heat or cold for extended periods. Cavaliers are social dogs and enjoy being around their owners, so they do best in households where they are not left alone for long periods of time.


Cavaliers are fairly low maintenance as they don't require strenuous exercise or grooming. They are affectionate and require loads of time with their owners. They also require a high-quality diet, adequate exercise and grooming, along with regular vet check-ups.


Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are friendly, affectionate, and gentle dogs that love being around people. They are known for their sweet and loving temperament and make excellent companions and family pets. Cavaliers are also quite adaptable and can do well in various living environments, including apartments and houses with yards. They enjoy playing and spending time with their owners but are also content to relax and cuddle up on the couch.

Family Life

are known for being affectionate, gentle, and friendly dogs, which make them great family pets. They are adaptable and can live in different types of homes, such as apartments, but they do require daily exercise and playtime to maintain their mental and physical health. Cavaliers thrive on human companionship and enjoy being around people, making them excellent companion dogs. They are also good with children and other pets, which makes them a great addition to any family.

Fun Facts

– Despite their Spaniel name, they are not actually classified as a Spaniel, instead <br />
they are registered as a toy breed.<br />
– Commonly known as a lap dog, but they absolutely excel at sports and agility.<br />
– They are indeed named after King Charles the 2nd.

Breed History

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a toy spaniel breed that originated in England. The breed's history can be traced back to the 16th century when toy spaniels were popular among the noble and royal families. These dogs were used as lap dogs and companions and were often depicted in paintings of the period. In the 17th century, King Charles II of England was particularly fond of these toy spaniels and kept them as pets in his palace. He even issued a decree that allowed the spaniels to enter any public place, including Parliament and churches. However, the breed went through a period of decline in the 18th and 19th centuries. They were crossed with other breeds to create new breeds, and the original toy spaniel type was almost lost. In the early 20th century, an American named Roswell Eldridge traveled to England in search of the old-style toy spaniels that he had seen in paintings. He offered a cash prize at the Crufts Dog Show to anyone who could produce a dog that matched the old-style breed standard. This led to the development of the modern Cavalier King Charles Spaniel. Today, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel remains a popular breed, known for its affectionate and gentle nature.


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