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American Curl Cat


Breed Description

A medium-sized cat with a distinctive curled ear. They have a medium to long coat and come in a variety of colours and patterns. They have a lifespan of 15 – 18 years and an average weight of 2,5kg – 5kg. Known for their lovable nature, American Curls are friendly, cuddly, and loyal. They form strong bonds with their humans and get along well with other pets and people of all ages. They enjoy attention but aren’t overly demanding. They truly enjoy just being around their humans and make for an adorable companion.

Additional Information


American Curl

Life Expectancy

15 – 18 Years






Low to Moderate














The American Curl is a medium-sized cat with a distinct feature: uniquely curled ears. They have a well-muscled body, with a medium to long length and a graceful posture. Their head is slightly rounded, and they have large, expressive eyes. The American Curl's most prominent physical characteristic is their ears, which curl backward in an elegant arc. They have a silky and soft coat that can come in various colors and patterns.


They have a medium to long-length coat that is soft, silky, and lustrous. Their fur is generally easy to maintain, with minimal shedding. The coat can come in a variety of colors and patterns. Regular grooming is necessary to keep their coat healthy and free of tangles or mats. Brushing their fur once or twice a week helps to remove loose hair and prevent matting. Paying attention to their ears is important as well, ensuring they are clean and free from debris. Additionally, routine nail trimming and dental care should be a part of their grooming routine.


They should be fed a balanced and nutritious diet to support their overall health and well-being. A high-quality cat food that is appropriate for their age, size, and activity level is recommended. Commercial kibble can be giving along side wet cat food or on its own. Feeding schedules and portion sizes should be based on their individual needs to prevent overeating and obesity. It is always best to consult with a veterinarian for specific dietary recommendations. Additionally fresh water should always be available.


The American Curl is an active and playful cat breed that enjoys regular exercise. They have moderate energy levels and benefit from daily interactive play sessions and mental stimulation. Providing them with toys, puzzles, and interactive games can help keep them entertained and engaged. Additionally, engaging in playtime with their owners, such as using wand toys or playing fetch, can help satisfy their exercise needs. It is important to provide them with enough space to roam and explore, both indoors and, if possible, in a safe and supervised outdoor area. It's best to note these cats do better indoors.


They are a generally healthy cat breed with no specific breed-related health issues. However, like all cats, they may be prone to certain common health conditions such as dental issues, obesity, and allergies. Regular veterinary check-ups, proper nutrition, and maintaining a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise are important for their overall health and well-being.


Known to adapt well to various environments including apartments and houses. They are generally indoor cats and do not require access to outdoor spaces. Providing them with a comfortable and safe indoor environment is essential, including adequate space for them to explore, play, and exercise. They enjoy having vertical spaces such as cat trees or shelves to climb on and perches to observe their surroundings. Providing them with stimulating toys and interactive play sessions can help keep them mentally and physically stimulated. Additionally, maintaining a consistent routine and providing them with a calm and stress-free environment will contribute to their overall well-being and happiness.


American Curls are overall low maintenance as they don't have extensive grooming or exercise requirements. A weekly brush and a daily play session are more than enough for them. They enjoy your attention and require a fair amount of your time to cuddle and play. Additionally, they naturally require a high-quality diet, regular vet check-ups, and a clean, healthy environment.


Curls are known for their friendly and affectionate nature. They are often described as being sociable, playful, and curious cats. They enjoy the company of their human family members and tend to form strong bonds with them. They are intelligent cats and can be easily trained to perform tricks or use litter boxes. American Curls are also known for their curiosity and love exploring their surroundings. They are not overly vocal but can engage in soft and melodic conversations with their owners. Overall, the American Curl is an adaptable and loving companion.

Family Life

The American Curl is a cat breed that thrives in a family environment. They are known to be loving and sociable, forming strong bonds with their human family members. American Curls enjoy being around people and are often found seeking attention and affection. They are generally good with children and other pets, making them a great addition to family households. These cats are adaptable and can adjust well to different living situations, whether it's a small apartment or a larger home. They appreciate interactive playtime with their family members and also enjoy cozying up for cuddle sessions.

Fun Facts

– They are born with straight ears but within 3 to 5 days their ears start to curl<br />
– They make for great alarm clocks as they are known to be early risers and will often wake up their humans with playful head bumping or nose kisses.

Breed History

The American Curl breed of cats has an interesting and relatively recent history. It all began in June 1981 when a stray kitten with unique curled ears appeared on the doorstep of Joe and Grace Ruga's home in Lakewood, California, United States. The Rugas took in the kitten, named her Shulamith, and soon discovered that her curled ears were not temporary but a genetic trait. Intrigued by this unique characteristic, the Rugas decided to start a breeding program to develop a new breed based on Shulamith's distinctive feature. They began by carefully selecting cats with the curled ear trait and breeding them to maintain the trait while ensuring the overall health and temperament of the cats. The breeding program faced initial challenges, but with dedication and perseverance, the American Curl breed gradually gained recognition and popularity. In 1983, the American Curl was formally recognized as a breed by The International Cat Association (TICA), followed by other cat registries. The breed's unique curled ears and charming personality quickly captivated cat lovers around the world. Over the years, breeders have focused on maintaining the distinct curled ear trait while ensuring the breed's overall health and diversity. The American Curl has gained a dedicated following and continues to be recognized and appreciated for its unique appearance and delightful personality. Today, the American Curl is a recognized and well-established breed, participating in cat shows and cherished as a beloved companion in households worldwide.


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